He worked his way through college at Stanford University but never graduated. In he went to New York, where he tried for a few years to establish himself as a free-lance writer, but he failed and returned to California. After publishing some novels and short stories, Steinbeck first became widely known with Tortilla Flata series of humorous stories about Monterey paisanos.
The following interpretation is only one of many which the novel can support, and it need not be seen as the only definitive approach. Basically, there are two forces working through the novel — primitive man alone with his labors, toiling close to nature and possessing an innate dignity; and opposing him, man as a predator, as a parasite or a vampire, sucking at the vein of life and bringing about death and destruction to the more primitive unit.
The first group is, of course, represented by Kino, his family and his friends who make up the primitive community of fishermen and divers. Kino and Juana speak very little to each other — it is as though there is no need for words — their communication is innocent and innately understood.
In contrast, there is the world of the pearl buyers and the world of the doctor and the priest, representatives of the world with whom Kino and Juana cannot communicate. These two groups are brought together by the use of animal imagery, which Steinbeck uses constantly throughout the novel to comment upon the predatory nature of so-called civilized society.
They believe that because of the doctor, there appears to be a world of possibilities, but in trying to move from one world to another represented by the long processional, in which the entire village follows Kino and JuanaKino encounters obstacles which he cannot overcome.
Steinbeck has clearly shown us prior to the discovery of the pearl how the dogs of La Paz feed upon the fish, the larger fish feed upon smaller fish, and every organism depends upon preying upon some other animal.
When Kino acquires the pearl, it is indeed the most beautiful pearl in the world. But Steinbeck is careful to let us know that this pearl was created through the irritation and the suffering of another organism — the oyster.
The beauty of the pearl is not necessarily either evil or good. It only becomes either good or evil when Kino and the pearl buyers begin to project their individual desires on it. When Kino dives for the pearl, his heart is filled with anger and frustration; he is fierce and animal-like in this predatory mood.
On a surface level, it seems that the things which Kino wants are good things: The ultimate achievement to be wrought by the pearl is an education for Coyotito and a rifle for Kino.
On a surface level, it appears that Kino wants the right things. But the irony is that Kino and Juana are a truly married couple — they are one as man and wife — they are body and soul.
Yet, Kino wants the social recognition of a "foreign marriage" performed by a circumspect priest in a "foreign" religion, and he wants the elegant religious sanction of this foreign religion. We should remember that earlier, when the scorpion bit Coyotito, Juana first uttered charms in her native religion, and it was only as an afterthought that she added a couple of Hail Marys.
And while it is noble that he wants Coyotito to have an education, the advantages that Kino wants for him lie in the new, foreign world.
Kino, still suffering from his recent encounter with the foreign doctor, still wants his son to become a part of the world which has just rejected him. The ugliness of the new world which Kino so desperately desires to become a part of begins to express itself immediately, but in the same way that Steinbeck shows that the real community is hidden behind paved streets and in gardens that are protected by stone walls, so also the people who attack him are never seen; they remain simply evil forces in the dark.John Steinbeck John Steinbeck was a famous American author who wrote from the to the Steinbeck was constantly moving across the country trying to succeed as a writer.
John Steinbeck lived a life of constant up and downs, successes and failures before . Critical Essays A General Critical Approach Bookmark this page Manage My Reading List As Steinbeck mentioned in his introduction to this novel, "If this story is a parable, perhaps everyone takes his own meaning from it and reads his own life into it.".
- John Steinbeck's “Of mice and men” Of Mice and Men is set along the Salinas River a few miles south of Soledad in the fallen world of the Salinas Valley, which Steinbeck places "east of Eden" the Promised Land is only a painful and illusory dream.
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BUY! Home; Literature Notes; The Pearl; Book Summary; Table of Contents Book Summary can then cure the baby and get paid more. Coyotito indeed does get sick, and the doctor returns and gives the baby a different medicine that "cures" the baby.
When the doctor asks Kino for payment, Kino says that. The Short Novels of John Steinbeck: Critical Essays with a Checklist to Steinbeck Criticism John Steinbeck's The Red Pony: A Study in Narrative Technique / Howard Levant 84 IV.
The Moon is Down 8. Dr. Winter's If book has an editor that is different from the article author, include editor's name also. attheheels.com: As John Steinbeck was developing as a writer, events taking place in the United States provided him with plenty of material to write about.
In October the U.S. stock market crashed, sparking the Great Depression. Banks collapsed. Businesses closed. By , a quarter of the population was.