This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Abstracts of scientific papers are sometimes poorly written, often lack important information, and occasionally convey a biased picture. This paper provides detailed suggestions, with examples, for writing the background, methods, results, and conclusions sections of a good abstract. The primary target of this paper is the young researcher; however, authors with all levels of experience may find useful ideas in the paper.
Other resources This document describes several simple, concrete ways to improve your writing, by avoiding some common mistakes. The end of this document contains more resources for improving your writing.
This view is inaccurate. The purpose of research is to increase the store of human knowledge, and so even the very best work is useless if you cannot effectively communicate it to the rest of the world. Additionally, writing papers and giving talks will clarify your thinking and thereby improve your research.
You may be surprised how difficult it is to clearly communicate your ideas and contributions; doing so will force you to understand them more deeply and enable you to improve them.
Determine your goal also known as your thesisand focus the paper around that goal. As a general rule, your paper needs to convince the audience of three key points: If any of these is missing or unclear, the paper will not be compelling.
When expressing this, it may be helpful to explain why no one else thought of your approach before, and also to keep in mind how you expect the behavior of readers to change once they appreciate your contributions.
Before you write your paper, you need to understand your audience. Who will read your paper? What are their backgrounds, motivations, interests, and beliefs?
What are the key points you want a reader person to take away from your paper? Once you know the thesis and audience, you can determine what points your document should make to achieve its purpose. For each point in your paper, you need to explain both what and why. For example, it is not enough to state how an algorithm works; you should explain why it works in that way, or why another way of solving the problem would be different.
Similarly, it is not sufficient to present a figure and merely help the reader understand what the figure says. You must also ensure that reader understands the significance or implications of the figure and what parts of it are most important.
Which details to include Your purpose is to communicate specific ideas, and everything about your paper should contribute to this goal.
If any part of the paper does not do so, then delete or change that part. You must be ruthless in cutting every irrelevant detail, however true it may be.
Everything in your paper that does not support your main point distracts from it. Write for the readers, rather than writing for yourself.
In particular, think about what matters to the intended audience, and focus on that.This paper provides detailed suggestions, with examples, for writing the background, methods, results, and conclusions sections of a good abstract.
The primary target of this paper is the young researcher; however, authors with all levels of experience may find useful ideas in the paper. An abstract is a summary of a body of information.
Sometimes, abstracts are in fact called summaries—sometimes, executive summaries or executive abstracts. The business and scientific worlds define different types of abstracts according to their needs. Some (like Benjamin Herman’s history abstract and Diana Dewi and Jennifer Kittleson’s apparel and textile design abstract) include nearly final results, while others (like Laura Silberman’s curriculum & instruction abstract) include preliminary and projected results.
1 Writing Technical Abstracts Kent State University Dr. Jonathan I Maletic Contents of a Technical Paper • Title, Author(s) • Abstract – ( words) • Introduction • Related work. How to Write a Good Technical Paper This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial International License.
Re-write, do not use your original abstract Write new abstract that reflects the paper you have just written. Another way of putting this is that writing the paper first will make writing the abstract faster, and writing the abstract first will make writing the paper faster.
Whereas you should start writing as early as possible, you don't need to put that writing in the form of a technical paper right away. In fact, it's usually best to outline the.