Indus river valley writing and record keeping

In this article we will discuss about the food, social Dress, ornaments, house hold articles, amusements, trade, social class and structure, religion and funerary customs of the people of Indus Valley Civilization.

Indus river valley writing and record keeping

Sustainability and Water August 12, Water tables all over the world are falling, as "world water demand has tripled over the last" 50 years. When these aquifers are depleted, food production worldwide will fall. Water tables all over the world are falling, as "world water demand has tripled over the last" 50 years.

These aquifers are inexorably being depleted in ways that are "largely invisible, historically recent, and growing fast", and "the near-simultaneous depletion of aquifers means that cutbacks in grain harvests will The aquifers of China, India and the US, which together produce one half of the world's grain, are rapidly being depleted.

The water tables of China, India, Pakistan, Mexico and Yemen are dropping by 1 to 3 meters per year, as are those of the US, especially in the southern Great Plains where "thousands of farms Since one ton of grain requires tons of water, this water deficit will cross international borders in the form of increasing grain prices worldwide.

Grain shortages are likely to occur soon in China, where the grain harvest is shrinking as a combined result of "aquifer depletion, the diversion of irrigation water to cities and lower grain support prices". This could "destabilize world grain markets. Raising irrigation efficiency indus river valley writing and record keeping recycling urban wastewater is being practiced with some success in some countries.

More permanent solutions require raising water productivity and, most importantly, stabilizing the world's population. Local Action For Global Challenge. Even where there is availability of water, conveying it to communities that need it becomes an issue.

Provision of drinking water is expensive and difficult.

Archeology. The International History Project. Date Archeology is the scientific study of past human culture and behavior, from the origins of humans to the present. The Ancient City of Jericho. Through out much of her history, the ancient town of Jericho has been associated with walls. The most notable story of Jericho is that of Joshua, who according to Biblical accounts, caused the circumvallate walls to "come tumbling down.". The "cultural spheres of influence" of India, China, Europe, and Islâm are founded on the World Civilizations of their central or foundational regions, which may be defined by religion or culture but most precisely by the possession of an ancient Classical language attended by a large literature in that language. In India this language is Sanskrit,, which is first of all the sacred language.

Unsafe water sources have accounted for preventable diseases in rural communities. In many countries water is shared with cattle, which has serious implications on human health. Already there are about million people in 29 countries, who are facing water shortages, and chasing fewer sources of fresh water.

indus river valley writing and record keeping

The water crisis has also affected health matters of many people and at the moment, it is estimated that half the hospital beds in the world are being occupied by patients who are suffering from water related illnesses. About million people are infected with dysentery, 20 million of whom are seriously ill.

The average distance undertaken by African and Asian women and children to gain access to water is approximately six kilometres. Agriculture also has effect on water since intensive cultivation of crops causes chemicals from fertilizers and pesticides to trickle down into the groundwater.

The routine application of fertilizers and pesticides are being recognized as water pollution. Waste water from manufacturing as well as chemical processes in industries have also contributed to water pollution. An estimated 14, to 30, most being children, die everyday from avoidable water related diseases.

It is important that governments develop cost effective methods to ensure safe drinking water for everyone. In order to move towards sustainability, industries must be assured of having adequate water supply but must see that water use in industrial processes is handled efficiently.

Policy makers need to allocate water to satisfy environmental demands. Water managers could improve the sustainability and productivity of irrigated systems, by considering groundwater availability when allocating surface water for irrigation.

By January, cities statewide are supposed to have regulations that limit the amount of water used for landscape irrigation in future commercial and residential projects. Developers will have to abide by a water "budget" for each property.

Environmental problems attendant on river use

Some water providers also are proceeding with rules to increase the number of individual meters in apartments, where residents typically pay a flat rate for water and don't know how much they use. The Governor and lawmakers are aiming for legislation that would pay for building reservoirs and restore the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta, the main waterway from the north to the south.

Other legislation would force owners of most residential and commercial real estate built before to bring plumbing up to current requirements for water conservation. Gray-water systems and water meters are two popular measures with environmentalists.

Attention is also being paid to drought-tolerant plants. Of course, the more people we have in California, the shorter showers we will have to take.

In parts of Ethiopia, there is little or no water for bathing, flies abound, and blindness from flies is a common occurrence. But then we can always fool ourselves by believing that technology will take care of it.

Timeline | Story of China | PBS

Glaciers are melting and oceans are rising, which means water will be more plentiful. But it is the location of the water that matters. Shortages in the wrong places could lead to food shortages, famine, and starvation in those regions, and effect the economic future of nations. Many politicians have ignored resource issues for the last 30 years of debt- financed good times with relatively low prices for all natural resources and commodities.

Investment manager Jeremy Grantham says "We must prepare ourselves for waves of higher resource prices and periods of shortages unlike anything we have faced outside of wartime conditions. While oil is non-renewable and limited, it is replaceable by other more costly alternatives; water is renewable and relatively unlimited, but there is no substitute and it is only useful in the precise places.

Oil is finite, while water is literally finite, but nearly unlimited at a cost.BBC Primary History - Indus Valley - Art and Writing. It seems that Indus writing changed little over hundreds of years.

Unlike English. Mankind existed long before the written word, but writing made the keeping of a historical record possible. The first ancient societies arose in Mesopotamia and Egypt in the Middle East, in the Indus Valley region of modern Pakistan, in the Huang He (Yellow River) valley of China, on the island of Crete in the Aegean Sea, and in Central America.

Indo-Aryan migration models discuss scenarios around the theory of an origin from outside the Indian subcontinent of Indo-Aryan peoples, an ascribed ethnolinguistic group that spoke Indo-Aryan languages, the predominant languages of North attheheels.coments of Indo-Aryan origin outside of the Indian subcontinent generally consider migrations into the region and Anatolia (ancient Mitanni) from.

The common Indus inscriptions were really tiny, ranging from 4 to 5 attheheels.com biggest one ever found had 26 symbols. Record Keeping of the Indus River Valley Civilization Here is an example of some of their inscriptions. The "cultural spheres of influence" of India, China, Europe, and Islâm are founded on the World Civilizations of their central or foundational regions, which may be defined by religion or culture but most precisely by the possession of an ancient Classical language attended by a large literature in that language.

In India this language is Sanskrit,, which is first of all the sacred language. The Indus Script is the writing system developed by the Indus Valley Civilization and it is the earliest form of writing known in the Indian subcontinent.

River Valley Civilizations - Gratzfeld AP World History