The name Gounder  is a caste title derived from the Sangam Tamil word Kamindan root word being Kavunda which means "people who protected land, people and country" and was originally accorded to the "Feudal Lords" of the Kongu Nadu who had distinguished themselves bravely and fiercely in protecting the honour of the Kongu region and its people.
Etymology[ edit ] Vokkaliga is a Kannada -language word found in some of the earliest available literary works of the language, such as the KavirajamargaPampa Bharataand Mangaraja's Nighantu.
It has been used as an appellation for the cultivator community since time immemorial. They are named after their progenitor, primary occupation or in most cases after various birds, animals or objects.
Kongu Vellalars of Tamil Nadu use Gounder as their surname. Previously they were mostly endogamous but in the modern context inter-group marriages have become a common affair, especially since colonial times. The community Kongu gounder patrilineal.
It is opined that all the sub-groups previously formed a single unified community which broke into several factions over the ages. It is however, a fact that the administrative setup of Gangas vested power, at various levels of administration and apart from administrative duties the Gauda was expected to raise militia when called for.
In fact the word Kongu is the Tamil equivalent for Ganga. There is a significant number of Vellala Goundars in Kollegala and T. Narsipur of southern Karnataka. They can be Shaiva or Vaishnava in religious affiliation called Mullu and Dasa sects.
The Dasa sect forms a separate endogamous group under the Gangadikaras and are called Dasa Vokkaligas. And the Gangatkar Vokkaligas was also split to Sarpa Vokkaliga long long years back for the sake of reservation and the person who split the community was Gangatkar Ramaiah, later on he registered it in the government as Sarpa Vokkaliga and even he late.
Gangatkar Ramaiah did not succeed in it and they did not find a way and started following separate sub group called Sarpa vokkaliga and moved on. Cheluru Gangadikaras also called Chelaruanother small sub-sect, are said to be strictly vegetarian, a vestige of the times when the Gangas followed Jainism.
Oral traditions of the people maintain that after the decline of the Ganga power they reverted to Hinduism retaining certain Jaina practises. The four main sub-divisions being the Musuku, Hosadevru BeraluPalyadasime and Morasu proper which is again divided into three lines called Salu viz.
Kanu salu, Nerlegattada salu, Kutera salu. The Musuku sect is so-called because the bride wears a veil or 'Musuku' during the wedding ceremony.National interest monuments: (Main attheheels.comore circle.
Belgaum. Bidar. Bijapur. Dharwad. Gulbarga. North Kanara. Raichur); State protected monuments list; List of. Kongu Vellala Gounder Matrimony Members of the Kongu Vellala Gounder community have been successfully finding their special someone through TamilMatrimony.
The world's most trusted matrimony portal, Bharat Matrimony has millions of profiles of Brides and Grooms. Jan 05, · wikipedia Origins Vokkalathana in Kannada language means tilling land and Vokkaliga means one who tills attheheels.com agricultural communities of south Karnataka are called Vokkaligas.
People belonging to Vokkaliga community are known as Okkalia of Utkala attheheels.com more people of different communities use Gowda as surname. The history of the Kongu Vellala Gounder caste is one of the most obscure along with the history of the Kongunadu region itself.
The Gounders have been credited by many as unique among the other caste groups of the region and southern India as a whole.
Kongu Vellalar Gounder community has one of the advanced social orders that have evolved over centuries.
The central pillar of this social order is the organisation of the members of the community into Kulam (குலம்) (aka Kullam, Kootam, Koottam, Gotram, Gothram, Gottiram or Clan).
The Kongu Vellala Gounder community is divided into more than kulams or kootams. Various literature refer to a different number of kulams or kootams.
Each kulam has its own Kula Deivam and Kula Guru. The tradition of Kula Deivam is widely practiced.