Louis was born on 5 September at St Germain-en-Laye.
Throughout his long reign Louis XIV — never lost the hold over his people he had assumed at the beginning. He succeeded his father on May 14, At the age of four years and eight months, he was, according to the laws of the kingdom, not only the master but the owner of the bodies and property of 19 million subjects.
He once narrowly escaped drowning in a pond because no one was watching him. This marked the beginning of the long civil war known as the Frondein the course of which Louis suffered poverty, misfortune, fear, humiliation, cold, and hunger.
These trials shaped the future character, behaviour, and Louis xiv of thought of the young king. He would never forgive either Paristhe nobles, or the common people. The war begun in between France Louis xiv Spain was then entering its last phase.
The outcome of the war would transfer European hegemony from the Habsburgs to the Bourbons. A French king had to be a soldier, and so Louis served his apprenticeship on the battlefield. In Louis faced the great conflict between love and duty, a familiar one for princes of that period.
The childhood of Louis XIV was at an end, but no one believed him capable of seizing the reins of power. No one suspected his thoughts.
In my heart I prefer fame above all else, even life itself. The young king Mazarin died on March 9, The dramatic blow came on March The king informed his astonished ministers that he intended to assume all responsibility for ruling the kingdom.
This had not occurred since the reign of Henry IV. From this conviction he gained not only a dangerous feeling of infallibility but also considerable serenity and moderation.
He was backed up first by the great ministers Jean-Baptiste Colbertmarquis de Louvoisand Hugues de Lionneamong whom he fostered dissension, and later by men of lesser capacity. For 54 years Louis devoted himself to his task eight hours a day; not the smallest detail escaped his attention.
He wanted to control everything from court etiquette to troop movements, from road building to theological disputes. He succeeded because he faithfully reflected the mood of a France overflowing with youth and vigour and enamoured of grandeur.
Louis lured them to his court, corrupted them with gambling, exhausted them with dissipationand made their destinies dependent on their capacity to please him. Etiquette became a means of governing. From that time, the nobility ceased to be an important factor in French politics, which in some respects weakened the nation.
He knew well how to make use of them. The king energetically devoted himself to building new residences.
Little remains of his splendid palaces at Saint-Germain and Marly, but Versailles —cursed as extravagant even as it was under construction and accused of having ruined the nation—still stands.
Reproduced by permission of the trustees of the Wallace Collection, London; photograph, J. Versailles was approximately the price of a modern airport; it was an object of universal admiration and enhanced French prestige.
All the power of the government was brought to bear in the construction of Versailles. Louis XIV was not wrong, as some have claimed, to remove himself from unhealthful and tumultuous Paris, but he erred in breaking with the wandering tradition of his ancestors.Watch video · King Louis XIV of France led an absolute monarchy during France’s classical age.
He revoked the Edict of Nantes and . Watch video · King Louis XIV of France led an absolute monarchy during France’s classical age. He revoked the Edict of Nantes and is known for his aggressive foreign policy.
Louis XIV's court adored Hyacinthe Rigaud, who helped to formulate what a state portrait should be. While Rigaud made a credible likeness of the king, his purpose was not to express Louis's character but to glorify the monarchy. His original Portrait of Louis XIV of , now in the Louvre, was so popular that Rigaud had many copies made, both in full and half-length formats, often with the. The reign of France’s Louis XIV (), known as the Sun King, lasted for 72 years, longer than that of any other known European sovereign. In . Louis XIV, France's Sun King, had the longest reign in European history (). During this time he brought absolute monarchy to its height, established a glittering court at Versailles, and fought most of the other European countries in four wars.
Dec 02, · Watch video · Louis XIV Assumes Control of France. After Mazarin’s death in , Louis XIV broke with tradition and astonished his court by .
King of France, b. at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, 16 September, ; d. at Versailles, 1 September, ; was the son of Louis XIII and Anne of Austria, and became king, upon the death of .
Louis XIV, also popularly known as the Sun King (5 September –1 September ) was the King of France and King of Navarre from 14 May until his death. He was a king for 72 years. This was the longest recorded rule of any European attheheels.com is often seen as the typical example of attheheels.com was the oldest of two brothers the .
The reign of Louis XIV is often referred to as “Le Grand Siècle” (the Great Century), forever associated with the image of an absolute monarch and a strong, centralised state.