See Article History Alternative Titles: Youth Samuel Clemens, the sixth child of John Marshall and Jane Lampton Clemens, was born two months prematurely and was in relatively poor health for the first 10 years of his life. His mother tried various allopathic and hydropathic remedies on him during those early years, and his recollections of those instances along with other memories of his growing up would eventually find their way into Tom Sawyer and other writings. Because he was sickly, Clemens was often coddled, particularly by his mother, and he developed early the tendency to test her indulgence through mischief, offering only his good nature as bond for the domestic crimes he was apt to commit.
Versions[ edit ] The three stories differ in length: Petersburg Fragment"[ edit ] Twain wrote the "St. Petersburg Fragment" in September It was set in the fictional town of St.
Petersburg, a name Twain often used for Hannibal, Missouri. Petersburg, and used the text for The Chronicle of Young Satan. Twain wrote this version between November and September It is set in the US and involves the familiar characters Huckleberry Finn and Tom Sawyer and their adventures with Satan, referred to in this version as "No.
Twain began writing it in November and, like the "St. Petersburg Fragment", set it in the fictional town of St. Being an Ancient Tale Found in a Jug and Freely Translated from the Jug, also known as the "Print Shop" version, returns to Austria, this time in the year not long after the invention of printing.
This version also introduces an idea Twain was toying with at the end of his life involving a duality of the "self", composed of the "Waking Self" and the "Dream Self".
Twain explores these ideas through the use of "Duplicates", copies of the print shop workers made by No. This version contains an actual ending; however, the text still has many flaws and it is debatable whether it can be considered finished.
Albert Bigelow Painewho had sole possession of Twain's unfinished works after Twain's death and kept them private, claimed that he had searched through Twain's manuscripts and had found the proper intended ending for The Mysterious Stranger. After Paine's death inBernard DeVoto became the possessor of Twain's manuscripts and released them to the public.
Beginning in the s, critics studied the original copies of the story and found that the ending Paine chose for The Mysterious Stranger referred to the characters from different versions of the story e. Tuckey carefully examined Twain's papers and manuscripts and discovered that Paine had not only tampered with and patched together three previously unfinished manuscripts but had with assistance from Frederick Duneka added passages not written by Twain in order to complete The Mysterious Stranger.
In addition to omitting a quarter of the original text, Paine's version invents the character of an astrologer who is made responsible for the villainies of Father Adolf. Gibson, Paine's volume was a literary fraud that went undetected for more than forty years.
The story is narrated by Theodor, the village organist's son. Other local characters include Father Peter, his niece Marget, and the astrologer. One day, a handsome teenage boy named Satan appears in the village. He explains that he is an angel and the nephew of the fallen angel whose name he shares.
Young Satan performs several magical feats. He claims to be able to foresee the future and informs the group of unfortunate events that will soon befall those they care about.
The boys don't believe Satan's claims until one of his predictions comes true. Satan proceeds to describe further tragedies that will befall their friends. The boys beg Satan to intercede. Satan agrees but operates under the technical definition of mercy.
For instance, instead of a lingering death due to illness, Satan simply causes one of Theodor's friends to die immediately. In the village and in other places around the world where Satan transports them magically, the boys witness religious fanaticism, witch trialsburningshangingsdeaths and mass hysteria.
Finally, Satan vanishes with a brief explanation: It is all a dream — a grotesque and foolish dream. Nothing exists but you. And you are but a thought — a vagrant thought, a useless thought, a homeless thought, wandering forlorn among the empty eternities!
He invites them to construct small clay people, which he brings to life and places in a small kingdom.Mar 03, · It also includes other texts written by Twain, including the essay, "A True Story Repeated Word for Word as I Heard It," of how slavery had cruelly split African-American families.
Shortly before beginning The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Twain published a short story in the Atlantic Monthly entitled "A True Story Repeated Word for Word As I Heard It," chronicling the story of an enslaved woman who was finally reunited with her young son (Burns, Duncan & ).
Mark Twain wrote her story “Word for word, as I heard it” and published it in the Atlantic Monthly in As a media favorite, Gladys dynamic performances, workshops, speeches and books have been written about, and televised. Mark Twain never found telling stories difficult. This essay reveals how very seriously he understood storytelling, but for all his very keen knowledge of the subject, the essay is done in a very humorous way.
an essay on humorous storytelling, by Mark Twain This essay, written by the American author and humorist in , gives step-by-step instructions in telling the classic 'jump story' from folk tradition called The Golden Arm, whose variants are just as popular today.
The difference between the right word and the almost right word is really a large matter — it's the difference between a lightning bug and the lightning.