Hire Writer Something that is seen in the western countries cannot be witnessed in other nations in the developing world, primarily due to the contrast in the lifestyle and religious beliefs. One of the prime reasons for the paramount status of marriage is that it is the license for two individuals to live together in a society, without many limitations. Coming to the subcontinent of India, marriage encompasses a number of meanings, apart from being a legalized way of uniting two people.
A critical examination of the concept "attitude" reveals its scientific shortcomings from all three points of view. It is all things to all men; it is seldom used consistently by any one writer; it is normative, valuative, subjective; it refers to verbal responses, opinions, habits, vegetative processes, tendencies to act, impulses to act, inhibitive impulses, feelings, wishes, values, motor sets, and various combinations of these.
The attempt to differentiate "attitudes" and "values" is shown to be impossible in practice. Most so-called "attitude" research is really "opinion" research. The concept is largely invalidated because of its subjective implications.
The constructive part of the analysis results in a definition of attitude as "the relatively stable overt behavior of a person which affects his status. The attitude is the status-fixing behavior. This differentiates it from habit and vegetative processes as such, and totally ignores the hypothetical "subjective states" which have formerly been emphasized.
Investigation of attitudes thus depends upon the observation, quantification, and generalization of overt behavior. The questionary is held to be of little use for attitude research. The life-history, personal interview, and all written documents are little better, except as clues.
The best sources are indirect evidences of overt behavior. The final test of an attitude is, "How do persons behave?
Examples of this kind of attitude research are cited. Sociology is notorious among the sciences for the inaccuracy, indefiniteness, and general confusion of its terms.
Most physical scientists regard the "science of sociology" as a pious pretension and "sociologists" as scientific charlatans. Some sociologists admit the allegation and modestly hope that their discipline may some day become a real natural science; others proclaim that sociology is a natural science-it "uses scientific method, and a science is known by its method, not by its subject matter or its results"; still others erect an elaborate defense mechanism, pleading the infancy of their science, the complexity and variability of its data, the difficulty of sociological experiment, and so on.
It is safe to say that the sociologist as reformer, uplifter, and prophet of millennial dawn exists only in the popular mind. Among sociologists, however, the ideas of progress, improvement, solution of social problems, good and bad conduct, and the whole field of social ethics plays an ever decreasing part.
They are more than anxious to leave these things to social workers, teachers, preachers, publicists, and politicians. Modern sociologists are more and more concerned with finding out how human beings actually behave in groups.
They are after objective, quantitative, conceptualized descriptions of group phenomena. This constitutes the only true scientific explanation, and when it is given, prevision and control are possible.
If they are successful in this, sociologists are men of science.
Any candid man must admit the truth of many of the charges against sociology. Probably no other scientific discipline spends so much time, energy, and money with so little solid achievement to show for it.
A large part of the so-called "research" in sociology results merely in the confirmation of common-sense judgments reached by empirical observation and intuition thousands of years ago, or else in the pretentious elaboration of some subjective preconception.
In the opinion of the writer, this largely is due to three things: The conception that sociology is a normative instead of a descriptive science.
Too many of us justify the popular notion that we are trying to "help society. The failure to regard our data as "natural. Sociology will not come of age until we learn to study man in association just as other scientists study atoms, stars, and bacteria, i.
We must have a frankly behavioristic sociology if we are to have a science. Perhaps human ecology and behavioristic psychology are pointing the way. The inaccuracy, indefiniteness, and anarchistic confusion of our concepts. This condition is largely the result of the subjectivistic bias just noted.
We cannot do valid scientific research until we know what we are talking about. At present all too many sociological terms mean all things to all men, both lay and professional.
We have few agreed-upon units, few universal standards of measurement, practically no constants, no universally accepted conclusions, no very accurate prevision, and hence, no science. We still have to deal in "trends," "tendencies," and "general movements. Our predictions are seldom scientific prevision.
They are merely inspired, intuitive guesses, or hopes, or fears, which sometimes come true in the good providence of a merciful God.Thesis Statements: Attitude and Job Satisfaction: A worker attitude towards work is directly linked to the job satisfaction; a worker who is satisfied with his job performs better and excels at what he does.
It is therefore imperative for a company to understand the attitude of its workers and measure the job satisfaction of its employees, as job satisfaction is essential for productivity. Editors' notes. This paper made Read Bain famous.
Published in the same volume of the American Journal of Sociology as the Thurstone's more famous "Attitudes Can Be Measured," it is a strident critique of Thurstone's approach.
His points were and remain . What is an Attitude? - Many theorists have attempted to define what an attitude is, thus, some are utilized more than others within contemporary research.
A RESEARCH PAPER SUBMITTED TO THE GRADUATE SCHOOL IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE MASTERS OF SCIENCE BY MARIAN D. HENRY Attitude theorist Rokeach () will guide this study. Behaviors, values, and attitudes change only when inconsistency is exposed. Thesis Statements: Attitude and Job Satisfaction: A worker attitude towards work is directly linked to the job satisfaction; a worker who is satisfied with his.
Attitudes on Poverty Essay - Poverty is an issue affecting the whole globe, and the United States is no exception. Reading, Pennsylvania, the site of our study, has the largest share of its residents living in poverty in the United States according the Census Bureau data (Tavernise ).