Return to Top of Page With the exception of computer labs and science labs, there doesn't seem to be a lot of essential variation from classroom to classroom within the same school. But, the location of the entry door is sometimes in the left corner, the right corner, or even in the middle.
The school tragedies in these communities brought the threat to school safety into the public conscience and moved school safety onto the U.
Safety threats, once thought to be only an urban problem, are a concern for urban, rural, and suburban areas alike. Although schools are among the safest places for children to be, education policymakers and administrators continue to look for ways to protect students and staff.
One tool for keeping schools safe is the use of student searches.
This right is diminished in the school environment, however, because of the unique need to maintain a safe atmosphere where learning and teaching can occur.
The courts have recently expanded the right of school officials to conduct student searches, resulting in part from recent acts of school violence and heightened public scrutiny. A search that was illegal 20 years ago now may be a legal search.
Unfortunately, no definitive test exists for determining what constitutes a legal search. Moreover, what may be legal in one jurisdiction could be illegal in another locality because search law is so fact- and context-specific. This vagueness leaves teachers, administrators, policymakers, and school security and law enforcement personnel wondering what constitutes a legal search of a student in a public school.
Constitution guarantees "the right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures. Schools argued that administrators acted in loco parentis—in the place of the parent—while students were at school.
School lockers essaythe U. Supreme Court determined that the Fourth Amendment applies to students in the public schools New Jersey v. The Court concluded, however, that the school environment requires an easing of the restriction to which searches by public authorities are normally subject.
School officials, therefore, do not need probable cause or a warrant to search students. The Court articulated a standard for student searches: Reasonable suspicion is satisfied when two conditions exist: In New Jersey v.
Since this landmark decision, several cases have debated what constitutes reasonable suspicion: Four students huddled together, one with money in his hand and another with his hand in his pocket, does not provide reasonable suspicion A.
State of Florida, A report made by two students to a school official that another student possesses a gun at school constitutes reasonable suspicion to search the student and his locker In re Commonwealth v. The fact that the search of all but one student in a class fails to reveal allegedly stolen property gives school officials reasonable suspicion to search that student DesRoches v.
Although the legal standard for reasonable suspicion is clear, the application of it in different contexts is not always as clear.
The Court has even noted that articulating precisely what reasonable suspicion means. Reasonable suspicion is a commonsense, nontechnical conception that deals with the factual and practical considerations of everyday life on which reasonable and prudent men, not legal technicians, act.
United States,at Probable Cause and Student Consent School officials need only reasonable suspicion to search students in public schools, but sworn law enforcement officials normally must have probable cause to search students. Probable cause to search exists when "known facts and circumstances are sufficient to warrant a man of reasonable prudence in the belief that contraband.
United States,at But are law enforcement officials assigned to schools to maintain safety subject to the reasonable suspicion standard or the higher probable cause standard? The answer depends on whether the court views law enforcement personnel assigned to the school as school officials or law enforcement officials.
Such a relationship could change the standard necessary to conduct a student search.
Some courts treat police officers as school officials subject to the lower standard of reasonable suspicion when they search students at the request of school administrators In the Interest of Angelia D. Other courts hold that school officials conducting a search on the basis of information from the school resource officer are acting as agents of the police and are, therefore, subject to the higher standard of probable cause State of New Hampshire v.
The mere presence of a sworn law enforcement officer during a search by a school administrator does not trigger the need for probable cause Florida v.
School officials and sworn law enforcement officers may conduct a search without reasonable suspicion or probable cause if the student voluntarily consents to the search. When consent is granted, officials may conduct the search only within the boundaries of the consent.
If a student consents to the search of her purse, for example, an administrator may not search her locker unless the search of the purse provides probable cause or reasonable suspicion to search the locker.
School officials and law enforcement officers are not required to advise students that they have a right to refuse to give consent to search. Some school policies or state regulations, however, may require that they advise students of their rights.
Some school policies require students to provide consent to a search or risk discipline.Shop all of our School Lockers and Student Lockers and learn why we are considered the best in the industry.
Explore our huge inventory of School Lockers now. School Safety - A Modest Proposal - In this day and age where school administrators consider backpacks, lockers, and baggy pants to be potential dangers to students and faculty, what will be next.
As increasing numbers of students have been bringing weapons to school in recent years, preventing violence has become critical. Searching student lockers can prove to be a useful tool, not only in preventing shocking attacks, but also in keeping schools alcohol- and drug-free.
Q: Are. Do Schools Have The Right To Search Students Lockers Essay do schools have the right to search students lockers essay Read the paragraph about conducting school locker . Many timely persuasive speech topics can be found on radio, TV, your local newspaper, or your Facebook and Twitter feeds.
We also have Argumentative (which is a persuasive topic as well, just on a controversial issue) and Policy attheheels.com you know of a cool topic, please send it to us and we will publish it on a page with fresh topics.
For persuasive essay topic ideas have a look at our list. School Searches of Students' Lockers Essay Words 3 Pages According to the National Education Association, at least , students bring guns to school, , students skip classes because they fear physical harm, 40 students are killed or hurt by firearms, nearly 6, teachers are threatened with bodily injury, and teachers are.